NELLER: There’s no Marine Corps unit—just like an Army unit or a Navy ship that sails or an Air Force squadron or Coast Guard ship—that doesn’t go where they go forward—. ), SANGER: I was going to ask all of you about recruiting. You’ve going to have counterterrorism operations, whether it’s ISIS or something like it, for as far as the eye can see, we suspect. MILLEY: They Army has been involved in Iraq and Afghanistan and we’ve suffered a lot of casualties. You responded to David’s question about saying, against ISIS, that you were going to have an indigenous force. You’ve got the jobs thinking about the future of the force. But also I’m going to single out Mark Welsh, the chief of staff for the Air Force, for the last time. (Laughter.) NELLER: —or even in garrison, without a chaplain. We’re working with the Japanese coast guard, that is doing capacity building to shore up, build up those navies, those coast guards to assert their sovereign rights, and trying to get ASEAN to work collectively. They’ve taken Hit. And they don’t extend beyond that. The military services provide an array of financial management classes and counseling, but financial troubles remain a key problem for members and their families. (Laughter. Digital and Cyberspace Policy Program, In Brief What Is the World Doing to Distribute COVID-19 Vaccines? MILLEY: Oh, I could have sworn I heard Neller. We still have a very small percentage of our force is actually on unmanned aircraft. We had too much war and not enough warriors, but the American people and Congress declined to consider conscription, leaving the problems to the Pentagon and the 1 percent of the population willing to serve in the military. So we have sea-based interceptors. There’s a lot of concern that something could go wrong along the way, that somebody could get a little hot-headed. (Laughter. And that’s what we’ve done. They may be connected to manned platforms. I want to thank the audience for coming here and for such terrific questions. What are we doing about missile defense—not just to you but any of you, what are we doing about missile defense, and particularly looking forward to a world where there will be several nuclear weapons-capable states, bad guy states? I have a question about what has been called hybrid warfare or gray conflict. General Neller, you talked about North Korea having nuclear weapons and just really it’s a matter of time before they get delivery vehicles to deliver them to nearby and potentially even to the United States. And so I think from our perspective, due diligence would require us to assume that Russia is an enduring concern. And Military Times look at where your MRE's come from, on Defense News Weekly for Jan. 9, 2021. But what we’re seeing is that China Coast Guard is on the frontline, provoking our United States Navy. But make sure, you know, you hit a strategy that reaches to the top tiers of our government. Last year, the Army’s initial recruiting goal was 80,000 enlistees. Conscription using a lottery based system would be a fair, efficient, sustainable, legal and proven alternative to fixing the military's recruiting problem, says the author of this commentary. And from a grand-strategy perspective, instead of worrying about what China might be, Russia might be, where cyber might go, it’s helpful if the United States of America decides clearly what we are going to be 50 years from now. But I believe we need NATO. And I think whatever they’re doing now, they are still a very capable military and they clearly have shown an intent to be disruptive, at least in the region. All of us together—and it’s a whole of government—it’s a joint force, whole of government with allies. There’s U.S. interests at stake. 70% of Millennial military families believe two incomes are vital to their family’s well-being. You’ve seen those really change the way, the nature of the Air Force in your time. The problem is not the military’s. It’s calving. SANGER: General Welsh, one of the notable elements of this war against ISIS, but before that against al-Qaida, and before that generally in Afghanistan and Iraq, has been the astounding use by the Air Force and also by the CIA, but mostly by the Air Force, of unmanned vehicles. Q: Thank you. What I think we’ve done, and we continue to do, is we work with nations who have come to ask us to help them train their force to be able to be able to counteract this. (Laughter.) What’s on your wish list? I did a change of command on a ship not that long ago where the ensign, whose father was on that ship, whose grandfather was a captain of that ship. Assessing President Trump’s Legacy of Cyber Confusion, Blog Post It’s still an effective alliance and I absolutely think it’s needed. ), Domestic Terrorism Strikes U.S. Capitol, and Democracy, In Brief “The Navy continues to struggle with rebuilding the readiness of the existing fleet due to enduring maintenance and manning challenges,” the report finds. I wanted to ask about the role of chaplains in forward areas, if each of you could speak a little bit about that. A submariner for, did you tell me, a quarter century, or? NELLER: Well, let me jump on that one. Admiral Zukunft, and I know you spent a fair bit of your time in the Pacific as well. No. Yeah. General Neller has been division commander and assistant division commander for the First and Second Marine Divisions, president of Marine Corps University, a number of joint assignments. December 21, 2020 Some of the provocative activities of Russian President Vladimir Putin—a Russian fighter plane zooms into Lithuanian territory, a Russian submarine floats in and out of Swedish waters in the Baltic Sea—can we handle these activities beyond cyber monitoring militarily? MILLEY: Well, I became chief in August. For example, suicide rates among veterans continue to soar. A fair, efficient, sustainable, legal and proven alternative to fix the military recruiting problem is readily available: conscription using a lottery based system with no exemptions and no deferments. NELLER: It just doesn’t seem to match up. And, to me, the most impressive statistic at all, half of whom have gone on to the rank of general or admiral. SANGER: I remember in 2010 being in Beijing—early 2011, with Secretary Gates, your old boss, General Milley. The question is, you know, we’ve only got so many bullets. Where we should use remotely piloted aircraft in the future, or even autonomous unmanned aircraft in the future, is in those areas where they provide benefit over having a manned platform. Absolutely not. And there’s a saying in New York—I mean in Washington, D.C.: You know, there’s enough strategies where if you swing a dead cat you can’t help but hit a strategy. You said you were—the Coast Guard is sponsoring what sounded to me like a pretty fascinating expedition this summer. We can use them to observe quality and pattern of life. We’re just past the Wright flier stage, if you want to make an analogy to manned aircraft. Thank you, Richard. SANGER: —a North Korea that could actually put a nuclear weapon on a short-range missile. Veterans bring a lot to the table, and many of the skills they learned in the armed forces can benefit your community once they’ve been discharged. 2009-10-03 16:02:54 2009-10-03 16:02:54. Sign up for the Early Bird Brief - a daily roundup of military and defense news stories from around the globe. Twice he’s been a member of Times reporting teams that won the Pulitzer Prize. And if that happens, then there is a chance, which is why you see, I believe, our government supporting Prime Minister Abadi and trying to bolster him, because he appears at the present time to have the best potential to create a state that supports all Iraqi people. And that’s been the change of the last six to eight months. And, General Milley, let’s start with you. (Applause.). MILLEY: It’s been very effective—very effective, as pointed out, for seven decades. There’s no shortage of issues to discuss, from a Middle East that continues to unravel to new security concerns in Europe and Asia. SANGER: Just one or two last things and then we’re going to open it up to all of you. Wiki User Answered . It’s going to be very successful. So thank you, Dad, for coming as well. And one of the things we’re all facing is that the military services have all shrunk. So we’re just trying to observe and not add causality to what is happening in the oceans around us because, let’s face it, you know, two-thirds of the world is water, but we are seeing a rise in sea level and we need to come up with strategies to address this because there is a military component as well. Our compact going back to 1986, we are beholden to their liberties and freedoms, but if they no longer have a home then we need to make a home for 70,000 now climate-changed refugees, if you will. We just have to understand that the texture has changed. And so, you know, this kind of expands on what General Welsh was saying in terms of, you know, appreciating this fight here for what it really is, the full dimensionality. The start of the First World War, D-Day and let it not be forgotten that 22nd June marked the 70th anniversary of the lifting of the siege of Kohima. And you mentioned the challenges that the secretary of defense mentioned. Edward Alden, CFR’s Bernard L. Schwartz senior fellow specializing in U.S. economic competitiveness, trade, and immigration policy, and Jennifer Hillman, senior fellow for trade and international political economy at CFR, sit down with James M. Lindsay to discuss the incoming Biden administration’s likely approach to trade policy. I also think it helps explain why the military is one of the most professional and one of the most respected institutions in American society. And if you think—you know, there a lot of analogies that are made between nuclear and cyber, for example. That would be a major undertaking. So I’ll go back to last summer, and I was in Barrow, Alaska, our northern-most outpost along the north slope of Alaska. As you look at what the Russians are doing, is this a temporary show of force at a moment of economic decline or do you think we have a permanent resumption of activities we thought had gone away with the Cold War? But there is some discussion that, no, we should not do that. And as the saying goes, there’s no atheists in a foxhole sort of thing. But it’s their fight. SANGER: When I walk through your building, on those days that they let me in, I hear people say, you know, we’re not going to accomplish the task of actually destroying them until we have a Sunni force on the ground that can take them on on the ground in a way that President Obama has clearly been unwilling to allow American forces to go do, given the experiences of Iraq and Afghanistan. And so we’re—we are reluctant to pass through your webpage or your website to get at somebody who’s on the other side of that firewall who’s lying and violating the law. So we can use them to develop targets. Everyone recognizes the biggest challenges facing the U.S. Army. So you want to make—you know, you want to build public trust, one, that you’ll produce outcomes but, two, you’ll be a good steward of the resources you invested in. The 7 Most Alarming Challenges Facing Today’s Marine Corps, According To Its Own Officers. This is different than, you know, attacking networks and water systems and all that. Many times, a veteran just needs a helping hand, like Edward Andruskieicz, of Lynn, Massachusetts. MILLEY: You know, what force is going to go in there to stabilize, to administer, to govern? (Laughter. So the Army chaplains are out there. I haven’t seen one chaplain. You know, I would say, David, one of the things that—the reason that we are more involved in cyber is the adversary has gone to this domain and we are not going to cede that to them. You may not have seen them but they’re there. Podcast We have the ability to track and find and see, and given—it’s not perfect but it’s better than what anybody else has got. And so it really is a whole-of-government approach. Many also … Q: Father Andrew from St. Paul’s Foundation on Mount Athos. So the THAAD—in and of itself, the THAAD do the trick? But nuclear we decided years ago would be put aside not to be used as a normal weapon of war. So our adversaries—not necessarily North Korea but other countries like Iran—have developed a very large inventory of short-, medium-range missiles that are just conventional weaponry, but they could very easily overwhelm, you know, a certain number of Patriot batteries or other capabilities that have a capability to shoot them down. And so our biggest concern is about a miscalculation, but their coast guard has not been transparent in terms of what their intent is. The gentleman right back here. So I think as kind of a two-prong approach, the ability to communicate directly with them is probably beyond my understanding of the politics of this, but I think, you know, we’re going to have to figure out how to communicate ideally through probably the Chinese and leverage the Chinese to do that. NELLER: It depends on the context and the legalities, if we are in a designated area of hostilities or we’re not. The team has sort of stood up, organized, and—organized their defenses to become very capable in this. So as far as anything different, I think part of the discussion that we’ve had—or at least I’ve had in my own mind—is before they were—it was annoying and it was kind of a difficult thing, but now the capabilities that they’re looking at—we know they have nuclear weapons but they haven’t had the means to deliver them to the homeland. I’m Richard Haass. To ask these and other questions, it’s now my pleasure to introduce tonight’s presider, David Sanger. Indeed, it sets an example that the rest of us would be wise to follow. They are much more than that now. They’re just not all sitting on or riding an airplane. Answer. So we’re going to have to be—we’ve thought about this a lot but it all involves permissions and authorities. But we’ve been in this movie before. MILLEY: There’s a very robust, very sophisticated, integrated air, naval, and ground—integrated air missile defense system scattered all around the country and overseas. Let’s turn the question a little bit to resources, something that all five of you have to think about regularly. But I’ll tell you, you know, we are, I would have to say—there’s an issue of magazine depth there in terms of interceptors, and there is—you know, we’re on the wrong side of the cost curve as well. So if you look at the refugees coming across the Aegean Sea—so we need to anticipate, you know, the movement of people and where will they resettle as we look at rising sea levels, and we need to think long term about this. I’ve been out to Majuro, to the Marshall Islands. And so they have been effective and they’ll, I think, remain effective as they respond. (Laughter, applause. Q: Thank you. So that means that not only are the answers on the record, the questions are on the record. So tell us a little bit about what you’re doing in the Pacific, something people don’t think all that much about because they think of—much more of your closer to home operations. SANGER: And what will that be 10 years from now, do you think? They want to come to the United States, so we must be doing something right. So under certain contexts, yes, we do have those authorities, at least for Title 10. Let me very briefly introduce our group of service chiefs. In both attack subs and boomers. At the same time the CNO had to decommission the Perry class frigates, which were doing the lion’s share of duty. On the Iraqi side it will be the Iraqi government’s security—. We’re going to do what we have to do to support the policy makers. And I should also say that all five have been read their Miranda rights. January 7, 2021. by Jennifer Hillman and Matthias Matthijs General Neller from the Marine Corps, 37th commandant, has—, NELLER: I said MIT degree here. The President's Inbox, In Brief MILLEY: I think, David, that’s a really key point. Thank you. There was a hand right over here. I mean, I’ve been to Aleppo 25 times in the last four years but—I’ve met many special forces from the United States. RICHARDSON: If I could go back, you know, I think that—to just kind of get back to this gray warfare or whatever it is, and the cyber piece, I mean, we should be very clear that there’s no more capable nation or actor in the world than the United States in terms of cyber warfare. NATO was an alliance of necessity when it began. So that’s a difficult—very difficult policy question on, how do we get to the reset on this? And how do you think we’re doing on it today? We’re actually growing, right? This year is redolent with anniversaries. Other decisions will fall from that, because the nation that puts certainty into uncertain situations has an advantage. What are you seeing in the Russian navy and submarine force? I know that everyone here joins me in thanking the chiefs for taking the time out of their schedules to be with us tonight, but more importantly I know everyone here joins me in thanking them for what they do for all of us, the other 364 days a year. And that everything is—happens in multiple domains at once. (Laughs, laughter.) SANGER: We’re discussing a Ukraine-like situation but not limited to Ukraine, of course. The task from the president is to—from President Obama—is to destroy ISIS. You still have some sequester issues going on. He did this five years ago, begin to shift more and more assets to the Pacific, have roughly more of a 60/40 kind of mix toward the end of this. In late 2017, the Army’s Center for Initial Military Training began a study to look into improving the quality of recruits, both in discipline and physical fitness. The Robert B. McKeon Endowed Series on Military Strategy and Leadership features prominent individuals from the military and intelligence communities. (Laughter.). (Laughter.). The integrated system would do the trick, of which the THAAD is a subcomponent. And you’re seeing some of that play out, and with a bit of luck it will assure our allies and deter any further aggressive actions by Russia. SANGER: These guys are going to have to take sides, yeah. SANGER: Well, I want to thank all five of you. What can DOD do and what can the whole of government do to deal with those kinds of problems? So in my role, meeting with all of the presidents of Central America, the problem they’re dealing with is that bulk shipments of cocaine land in those countries, are broken down to retail for consumption in the United States. They’re doing incredible work day in and day out counseling soldiers in the midst of a fight but also after the fight when the trauma is sometimes very, very serious. And let’s make it a little more complicated by asking the question, do we still need it if the NATO members other than the United States don’t pay a larger and larger share? And so we are where we are, doing what we’re doing. So the secretary of defense has talked about the five big areas of effort for the military these days: China, Russia, Iran, North Korea, and, of course, the counterterrorism mission. So the military is not—and we’re part of the national elements of power. And I wondered if you could elaborate a little more, without going into battle plans, what—you know, are you going to have enough Sunnis to carry the day, or what will happen if they’re all Shiites and they come into Sunni territory? But I think there’s more to it than just that. Each year, the military must recruit about 150,000 enlistees. In fact, ours came out the day after. And it’s a very different job than your predecessors had. And I’ve been tracking both the intel and from persona knowledge, talking to commanders, et cetera. The recommendations include increasing the number of recruiters (the Army already has approximately 9,000), increasing enlistment bonuses (already up to $40,000), expanded use of social media, increased access to high schools for recruiters, and direct commissions for technical specialists. SANGER: Admiral Zukunft, there’s been a lot of discussion that is actually in some ways a better role for the Coast Guard, yours and others around the world. 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